ResearchCurrent Projects
Bauteilschonende und anpassungsfähige Demontage

Adaptable and Component-Protecting Disassembly in the Regeneration Path

Team:  Dipl.-Ing. Richard Blümel
Year:  2018
Sponsors:  DFG
Lifespan:  2018-2022

Disassembly is a fundamental difference between new production and the regeneration of complex capital goods. In order not to cause additional damage to the components, which results in a higher repair effort or, in the worst case, in scrap, disassembly has to be performed out as carefully as possible. An adaptable disassembly process is used to achieve a maximum component protection, despite an unknown product condition. In contrast to assembly, where joining tolerances are known and therefore joining forces can be determined, disassembly does not allow the limitation of the required disassembly forces due to product stresses during operation, such as thermal or mechanical loads. Especially the high-pressure turbine, considered in the research project, works with high stress during operation. Thus, after operation, the connection of the turbine blades and disk is solidified to an unknown high degree. For disassembly planning, unknown disassembly forces mean that disassembly times and dimensions of the tools can not be estimated.

Based on experimental and numerical investigations, a method for determining the disassembly forces is developed. Disassembly planning parameters such as tool forces or process time can be derived from the forces. Based on a mechanical modelling of an assembly connection, disassembly forces are handled in a learning process and assigned to product properties such as operating hours, geometric properties and operational loads. On the basis of mechanical modelling, the design properties of a product are decoupled, so disassembly forces can be used for product variants, which leads to an efficient and flexible disassembly planning.

The disassembly process is realized by a piezo stack actuator, in order to generate targeted impacts on the solidified joining partners. The surge amplitudes and frequencies as manipulated variables are implemented from the disassembly planning as feedforward control. With the conceptual implementation of a disassembly workplace, including secondary processes such as handling, a complete disassembly process is created.

Contact Person: Dipl.-Ing. Richard Blümel