ResearchCurrent Projects
TRR 277 Additive Manufacturing in Construction

TRR 277 Additive Manufacturing in Construction

Team:  Lukas Lachmayer
Year:  2020
Sponsors:  DFG
Lifespan:  4 Jahre

In the development of the steadily increasing number of construction projects, the low productivity of the building industry is becoming publicly noticeable in the form of postponed opening dates. While capable programmes are steadily shortening the planning and design phases, and finished elements are available in large quantities, manual joining processes, production-related rework on the construction sites, and individual design requirements are creating considerable delays and quality losses. Therefore, the greatest potential for increasing productivity lies in the development of an automated manufacturing process that delivers high-quality components without setting tight specifications regarding component design.

Based on these requirements, the enablement of additive manufacturing processes for the production of large-scale concrete components is being advanced within the framework of the DFG-funded project: "Additive Manufacturing in Construction". The goal is a fully automated manufacturing process based on a design-optimised CAD component, taking into account locally defined material properties. To this end, potential materials, application methods and process designs are being researched across disciplines and locations. In particular, the avoidance of individual formwork work, the in situ production of reinforcements and the safeguarding of the final contour using an active process control, with maximum design freedom at the same time, must be implemented for the desired degree of automation.

To this end, the match is initially developing new path planning algorithms that consider the time-dependent material behaviour of fresh concrete compared to current 3D printing planning methods. Furthermore, research is being carried out on the realisation of online monitoring and feedback of the material application to ensure the final contour quality. This is done in close cooperation with the other departments involved to generate a real-time material model. Finally, competencies in the area of robot collaboration are used to parallelise and accelerate the production process.